lamps and lampstands
- A great variety of lamps and lampstands have been excavated in Palestine, revealing interesting differences as techniques developed. The oil was obtained from olives and the wicks were usually made from flax, and would stay alight for up to four hours. Lamps were placed either in niches or on shelves, and they could have important symbolic or metaphorical significance. In the OT the word of the Lord is likened to a lamp which illuminates one's way (Ps. 119:105). In Solomon's Temple there were ten golden lampstands (1 Kgs. 7:49), though in the Temple after the Exile there was but a single lampstand (Zech. 4:1–6, 11–14). In Herod's Temple the lampstand was fashioned with seven branches with a light on each, and this became a characteristic Jewish symbol. In the NT the lamp is used to illustrate the vigilance of a faithful disciple (Luke 12:35) and his witness in the world (Matt. 5:14–16). In Rev. 1:12 the Churches which, in varying degrees, shine in the world are symbolized by lampstands. See menorah.
Dictionary of the Bible.
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MENORAH — (Heb. מְנוֹרָה; candelabrum ), the name given to the seven branched candelabrum which, according to the Bible, was a prominent feature of the tabernacle erected by the people of Israel in the wilderness, as well as in the Jerusalem Temple. In… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Menorah (Temple) — A reconstruction of the Menorah of the Temple created by the Temple Institute The menorah (Hebrew: מְנוֹרָה [mənoːˈɾaː]) is described in the Bible as the seven branched ancient lampstand made of gold and used in the portable sanctuary set up by… … Wikipedia
Southeast Asian arts — Literary, performing, and visual arts of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines. The classical literatures of Southeast Asia can be divided into three major regions: the Sanskrit region of… … Universalium